Edexcel Paper 2 Text 1: Recruitment drive MI6 – vocabulary

This analysis of Text 1 from the sample assessment material (SAM) for the Edexcel English language GCSE specification builds on my analysis of the SAM for AQA Source A and Source B.

 

Overall this text seems more challenging, in terms of the number of Tier Two and specialist words than either of the AQA SAM texts, although I’m not suggesting that this would mean it was a more difficult exam to pass as I’m sure scores would be adjusted if/when grade boundaries were calculated.

 

Tier Two words

 

There are about double the amount of Tier Two words compared to either of the AQA SAM texts.

 

156 Tier Two words

 

 

 

 

absorbing

affair

amazed

anniversary

applicant

application

applying

article

assessment

assignments

attend

attracted

attractive

based

bluestockings

British

business

businessman

Cambridge

candidate

cast

celebrates

per cent

China

City

clandestine

clink

cloisters

colleagues

College

Conceal

concern

conference

considered

continues

conventional

cosmopolitan

crave

crowd

crumpets

Crumpled

culture

curious

dangerous

degree

Demand

disappointing

displays

drive

educated

Elegant

encounter

ethnic

faced

fast–forward

Favoured

following

foreign

form

forties

Gentle

historian

housekeeping

hurdle

increasingly

information

informed

initially

insight

intelligence

Intended

international

interrogation

interview

Invited

Inviting

ladies

latest

lifestyle

limelight

Linen

Londoner

managed

midday

midnight

Military

minorities

modern

motivated

Net

Nursery

oak-panelled

occasionally

officer

Officers

Official

online

paramount

patrician

personal

popularly

potential

presence

press

problem-solvers

process

promised

promising

proved

Psst

rare

received

recent

recruit

recruiting

recruitment

relationships

remainder

satisfactory

Scatter

selected

selection

senior

service

Serving

shadows

sizing

smart

softly-spoken

Spend

spotted

spotter

spy

staff

State

stimulate

study

stylish

subjected

Subtle

successful

suit

supply

talent

Target

term

terrorism

text

threat

Tiptoed

trust

typical

undergraduate

university

venturing

vetting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What I am most surprised about is the lack of repetition of Tier Two words across all three texts I’ve analysed so far.  I’ve only identified seven (assignment, attention, increasingly, interview, received, typical, whether) that appear in two out of the three texts and none appear in all three.  This highlights the enormous range of vocabulary that is needed for comprehension of unseen texts.

 

I’ve ranked the Tier Two words by frequency and most frequent contexts in the British National Corpus (BNC).  The full lists are reproduced at the end of this post in the appendices.

 

Contexts

 

No surprises in the BNC contexts that occurred: newspapers and academic texts were about equal in their frequency for sources of Tier Two words (35/156 and 34/156 respectively); fiction (22/156); magazines (21/156); misc (21/156) and non-academic (18/156).

 

Nouns, verbs and fiction

 

It seems that fiction was again an important source for the least frequently occurring words in the BNC.  Of the 46 words that came in at under 1000 occurrences the largest group were nouns (22).  The most frequent sources for these nouns were fiction (7) and newspapers (7).  Verbs were the next group (12) and again fiction (5) was just the most frequent source.  It seems that fiction is an important source for unusual verbs – a word class that is maybe worth targeting when we are teaching literature or any fiction texts.

 

Glossary

 

The glossary, like the one in the AQA text on Cotherstone Academy, gives only very literal explanations rather than anything nuanced or helpful with connotations of the words.  I don’t think we can rely on the glossaries to help students an awful lot.

 

To give the explanation that ‘cloisters’ are ‘open areas surrounded by walkways’ doesn’t really help to convey the elite or traditional atmosphere of the buildings of Oxbridge that I believe the writer mean to allude to.  Oxford and Cambridge are ‘the oldest universities in the United Kingdom’ but that is not why MI6 want their graduates – nothing of their reputation for prestige or privilege is suggested by the glossary.  ‘Bluestocking’ is usually an offensive term, used to deride academic or intellectual women for their lack of femininity, again this fuller meaning is missing from the glossary. (I won’t even comment on the implicit sexism of the article that describes women as either ‘bluestockings’ or ‘the kind who know what to do with scatter cushions’ – it slightly beggars belief for an article written in 2009!)

 

Other useful knowledge

 

I think a very particular world is alluded to in the text that requires readers to understand some quite specialist vocabulary (Tier Three words): Cabinet Office, Military attaché, the City, Cosmopolitan, Marie Claire, Good Housekeeping, Tate Modern.  As well as references to countries and cites and nationalities: Lisbon, Czech, Africa, the Middle East.  It is not every 16 year old who would be familiar with this milieu.

 

The next post will be text 2 of this Edexcel SAM.

 

Appendices

 

Tier 2 words – Alphabetical Order:

 

Tier 2 Word

Type of word – in context

British National Corpus Frequency

Largest context

Absorbing

verb

412

Magazine

Affair

noun

3073

Newspaper then fiction

Amazed

Verb

948

fiction

Anniversary

noun

1995

Newspaper

Applicant

noun

1227

Academic

Application

noun

9787

Academic

Applying

verb

1944

Academic

Article

Noun

6501

Academic

Assessment

Noun

6668

Academic

Assignments

Noun

595

Misc

Attend

Verb

3497

Misc then newspaper

Attracted

verb

2772

Non-academic

Attractive

Adjective

4999

Misc and magazine

Based

verb

18223

Academic

bluestockings3

noun

2

Newspaper then misc – bluestocking 6 – 4 fiction, 2 misc

British

Noun

34984

Newspaper

Business

noun

34715

Misc

businessman;

noun

931

Newspaper

Cambridge

Proper noun

3574

Non-academic

Candidate

Noun

3742

Newspaper

Cast

verb

4103

Magazine

Celebrates

verb

293

Newspaper

Per cent

Adverb

37272

(had to use collocate as 2 word so don’t have genre – 2889 Spoken for percent one word

china

noun

5207

Non-academic

City

noun

22393

Newspaper

clandestine

Adjective

175

Non-academic

clink

Verb

53

Fiction

cloisters1

noun

94

misc

Colleagues

Noun

5359

Spoken then newspaper

college

Noun

10093

Misc

conceal

Verb

649

Fiction

concern

Noun

10120

Academic

conference

Noun

9630

Non-academic

considered

Verb

13160

Academic

Continues

Verb

3894

Magazine then newspaper

conventional

Adjective

3829

Academic

crave

Verb

103

Magazine

crowd

Noun

4114

Newspaper then fiction

crumpets

Noun

31

Fiction then spoken

crumpled

Adjective

379

Fiction

culture

Noun

8413

Academic

curious

adjective

2077

Fiction

dangerous

Adjective

5576

Newspaper then fiction

degree

Noun

9769

Academic

demand

Noun

10775

Misc

disappointing

Adjective

980

Newspaper

displays

Noun

1700

Magazine

drive

Noun

8548

Newspaper then fiction

educated

Adjective

1968

Misc

elegant

Adjective

1706

Magazine then fiction

encounter

Noun

1648

Newspaper

ethnic

Adjective

2238

Non-academic

Faced

verb

4355

Newspaper

Fast–forward

Noun

12

Magazine, fiction and newspaper

favoured

Adjective

1937

Non-academic

following

Preposition

26046

Non-academic then misc

foreign

Adjective

15399

Non-academic

form

Noun

33790

Academic

forties

Noun (plural)

502

Spoken then fiction

gentle

adjective

2736

Fiction

historian

noun

1323

Academic

Housekeeping

Noun

341

Magazine – the word not the name

hurdle

Noun

559

Newspaper

increasingly

adverb

6494

Academic

information

Noun

37833

Misc then academic

informed

Verb

3745

Academic

initially

Adverb

3766

Academic

insight

Noun

1397

Academic

intelligence

Noun

3344

Non-academic

intended

Verb

7408

Academic

international

Adjective

21689

Newspaper

interrogation

Noun

341

Fiction

interview

Noun

4522

Newspaper (just, then academic and magazine)

invited

Verb

4179

Misc

inviting

Verb

781

Fiction

ladies

noun

3059

Fiction

latest

Noun

6277

Newspaper

lifestyle

noun

1082

Magazine

limelight

Noun

208

Newspaper then magazine

linen

Noun

900

Fiction

Londoner

Proper noun

130

Newspaper

managed

Verb

7238

Fiction

midday

Noun

500

Fiction

midnight

Noun

1771

Fiction

military

Adjective

10924

Non-academic

minorities

Noun

889

Non-academic

modern

adjective

12823

Academic then magazine

Motivated

Adjective

941

Academic

net

Noun

6554

Non-academic

nursery

Noun

1737

Newspaper

oak-panelled

Adjective

20

Fiction

Occasionally

Adverb

3823

Magazine

officer

Noun

8871

Newspaper

officers

Noun

8557

Newspaper

official

adjective

9335

Non-academic

online

adjective

567

Misc

paramount

adjective

592

Academic

patrician

noun

139

Fiction then academic

personal

Adjective

17122

Non-academic

popularly

Adverb

243

Non-academic

potential

adjective

11020

Academic

presence

noun

7770

Academic

press

Noun

12529

Misc then magazine 644 for press conference (newspaper)

problem-solvers

Noun

6

Non-academic – 44 for ‘problem solver’misc, 8 for problem solvers’ misc.

process

noun

22227

Academic

promised

Verb

4029

Fiction then newspaper

promising

Adjective

1492

Newspaper

proved

Verb

6725

Newspaper

Psst!

Interjection

20

Fiction

rare

Adjective

4521

Magazine

received

Verb

12882

Misc

recent

Adjective

15472

Magazine

recruit

Noun

938

Newspaper

recruiting

Verb

598

Misc

recruitment

noun

1565

Misc

relationships

Noun

5879

Academic

remainder

Noun

1669

Academic

satisfactory

Adjective

2151

Academic

scatter

noun

307

Magazine then fiction

selected

Verb

4155

Magazine then academic

selection

Noun

5914

Magazine

senior

Adjective

8115

Newspaper

service

noun

29976

Misc

serving

Verb

2716

Newspaper then misc

shadows

Noun

1437

Fiction

sizing

Verb

50

Magazine. 14  ‘sizing up’ 7 of which are fiction

smart

Adjective

1711

Magazine then fiction

softly-spoken

adjective

7

Magazine.  30 ‘softly spoken’ 17 of which are fiction

spend

Verb

7720

Spoken then newspaper

spotted

Verb

1559

Newspaper

spotter

noun

32

Newspaper

spy

noun

667

Fiction

staff

Noun

22281

Misc and newspaper

state

Noun

37759

Academic

stimulate

Verb

1023

Academic and non-academic (even)

study

Noun

21763

Academic

stylish

Adjective

481

Magazine

subjected

Verb

1238

Academic

subtle

Adjective

1752

Magazine

successful

Adjective

10556

Misc

suit

Noun

4767

Fiction

supply

Verb

9413

Misc

talent

Noun

2003

Newspaper

target

Noun

6607

Misc

term

Noun

12223

Academic

terrorism

Noun

667

Newspaper

text

Noun

6865

Academic

threat

Noun

5490

Newspaper

tiptoed

Verb

96

Fiction

trust

Noun

9909

Newspaper

typical

Adjective

4737

Academic

undergraduate

Noun

617

Misc

university

Noun

16197

Non-academic

venturing

Verb

118

Magazine

vetting

verb

108

newspapers

 

 Tier 2 Words – in order of BNC frequency

 

Tier 2 Word

Type of word – in context

British National Corpus Frequency

Largest context

information

Noun

37833

Misc then academic

state

Noun

37759

Academic

Per cent

Adverb

37272

(had to use collocate as 2 word so don’t have genre – 2889 Spoken for percent one word

British

Noun

34984

Newspaper

business

noun

34715

Misc

form

Noun

33790

Academic

service

noun

29976

Misc

following

Preposition

26046

Non-academic then misc

City

noun

22393

Newspaper

staff

Noun

22281

Misc and newspaper

process

noun

22227

Academic

study

Noun

21763

Academic

international

Adjective

21689

Newspaper

Based

verb

18223

Academic

personal

Adjective

17122

Non-academic

university

Noun

16197

Non-academic

recent

Adjective

15472

Magazine

foreign

Adjective

15399

Non-academic

considered

Verb

13160

Academic

received

Verb

12882

Misc

modern

adjective

12823

Academic then magazine

press

Noun

12529

Misc then magazine 644 for press conference (newspaper)

term

Noun

12223

Academic

potential

adjective

11020

Academic

military

Adjective

10924

Non-academic

demand

Noun

10775

Misc

successful

Adjective

10556

Misc

concern

Noun

10120

Academic

college

Noun

10093

Misc

trust

Noun

9909

Newspaper

application

noun

9787

Academic

degree

Noun

9769

Academic

conference

Noun

9630

Non-academic

supply

Verb

9413

Misc

official

adjective

9335

Non-academic

officer

Noun

8871

Newspaper

officers

Noun

8557

Newspaper

drive

Noun

8548

Newspaper then fiction

culture

Noun

8413

Academic

senior

Adjective

8115

Newspaper

presence

noun

7770

Academic

spend

Verb

7720

Spoken then newspaper

intended

Verb

7408

Academic

managed

Verb

7238

Fiction

text

Noun

6865

Academic

proved

Verb

6725

Newspaper

assessment

Noun

6668

Academic

target

Noun

6607

Misc

net

Noun

6554

Non-academic

article

Noun

6501

Academic

increasingly

adverb

6494

Academic

latest

Noun

6277

Newspaper

selection

Noun

5914

Magazine

relationships

Noun

5879

Academic

dangerous

Adjective

5576

Newspaper then fiction

threat

Noun

5490

Newspaper

Colleagues

Noun

5359

Spoken then newspaper

china

noun

5207

Non-academic

attractive

Adjective

4999

Misc and magazine

suit

Noun

4767

Fiction

typical

Adjective

4737

Academic

interview

Noun

4522

Newspaper (just, then academic and magazine)

rare

Adjective

4521

Magazine

Faced

verb

4355

Newspaper

invited

Verb

4179

Misc

selected

Verb

4155

Magazine then academic

crowd

Noun

4114

Newspaper then fiction

cast

verb

4103

Magazine

promised

Verb

4029

Fiction then newspaper

Continues

Verb

3894

Magazine then newspaper

conventional

Adjective

3829

Academic

Occasionally

Adverb

3823

Magazine

initially

Adverb

3766

Academic

informed

Verb

3745

Academic

candidate

Noun

3742

Newspaper

Cambridge

Proper noun

3574

Non-academic

attend

Verb

3497

Misc then newspaper

intelligence

Noun

3344

Non-academic

affair

noun

3073

Newspaper then fiction

ladies

noun

3059

Fiction

attracted

verb

2772

Non-academic

gentle

adjective

2736

Fiction

serving

Verb

2716

Newspaper then misc

ethnic

Adjective

2238

Non-academic

satisfactory

Adjective

2151

Academic

curious

adjective

2077

Fiction

talent

Noun

2003

Newspaper

anniversary

noun

1995

Newspaper

educated

Adjective

1968

Misc

applying

verb

1944

Academic

favoured

Adjective

1937

Non-academic

midnight

Noun

1771

Fiction

subtle

Adjective

1752

Magazine

nursery

Noun

1737

Newspaper

smart

Adjective

1711

Magazine then fiction

elegant

Adjective

1706

Magazine then fiction

displays

Noun

1700

Magazine

remainder

Noun

1669

Academic

encounter

Noun

1648

Newspaper

recruitment

noun

1565

Misc

spotted

Verb

1559

Newspaper

promising

Adjective

1492

Newspaper

shadows

Noun

1437

Fiction

insight

Noun

1397

Academic

historian

noun

1323

Academic

subjected

Verb

1238

Academic

applicant

noun

1227

Academic

lifestyle

noun

1082

Magazine

stimulate

Verb

1023

Academic and non-academic (even)

disappointing

Adjective

980

Newspaper

amazed

Verb

948

fiction

Motivated

Adjective

941

Academic

recruit

Noun

938

Newspaper

businessman;

noun

931

Newspaper

linen

Noun

900

Fiction

minorities

Noun

889

Non-academic

inviting

Verb

781

Fiction

spy

noun

667

Fiction

terrorism

Noun

667

Newspaper

conceal

Verb

649

Fiction

undergraduate

Noun

617

Misc

recruiting

Verb

598

Misc

assignments

Noun

595

Misc

paramount

adjective

592

Academic

online

adjective

567

Misc

hurdle

Noun

559

Newspaper

forties

Noun (plural)

502

Spoken then fiction

midday

Noun

500

Fiction

stylish

Adjective

481

Magazine

absorbing

verb

412

Magazine

crumpled

Adjective

379

Fiction

housekeeping

Noun

341

Magazine – the word not the name

interrogation

Noun

341

Fiction

scatter

noun

307

Magazine then fiction

celebrates

verb

293

Newspaper

popularly

Adverb

243

Non-academic

limelight

Noun

208

Newspaper then magazine

clandestine

Adjective

175

Non-academic

patrician

noun

139

Fiction then academic

Londoner

Proper noun

130

Newspaper

venturing

Verb

118

Magazine

vetting

verb

108

newspapers

crave

Verb

103

Magazine

tiptoed

Verb

96

Fiction

cloisters1

noun

94

misc

clink

Verb

53

Fiction

sizing

Verb

50

Magazine. 14  ‘sizing up’ 7 of which are fiction

spotter

noun

32

Newspaper

crumpets

Noun

31

Fiction then spoken

oak-panelled

Adjective

20

Fiction

Psst!

Interjection

20

Fiction

fast–forward

Noun

12

Magazine, fiction and newspaper

softly-spoken

adjective

7

Magazine.  30 ‘softly spoken’ 17 of which are fiction

problem-solvers

Noun

6

Non-academic – 44 for ‘problem solver’misc, 8 for problem solvers’ misc.

Bluestockings

noun

2

Newspaper then misc – bluestocking 6 – 4 fiction, 2 misc

 

 Tier 2 words – in order of largest context

 

Tier 2 Word

Type of word – in context

British National Corpus Frequency

Largest context

Per cent

Adverb

37272

(had to use collocate as 2 word so don’t have genre – 2889 Spoken for percent one word

paramount

adjective

592

Academic

Motivated

Adjective

941

Academic

applicant

noun

1227

Academic

subjected

Verb

1238

Academic

historian

noun

1323

Academic

insight

Noun

1397

Academic

remainder

Noun

1669

Academic

applying

verb

1944

Academic

satisfactory

Adjective

2151

Academic

informed

Verb

3745

Academic

initially

Adverb

3766

Academic

conventional

Adjective

3829

Academic

typical

Adjective

4737

Academic

relationships

Noun

5879

Academic

increasingly

adverb

6494

Academic

article

Noun

6501

Academic

assessment

Noun

6668

Academic

text

Noun

6865

Academic

intended

Verb

7408

Academic

presence

noun

7770

Academic

culture

Noun

8413

Academic

degree

Noun

9769

Academic

application

noun

9787

Academic

concern

Noun

10120

Academic

potential

adjective

11020

Academic

term

Noun

12223

Academic

considered

Verb

13160

Academic

Based

verb

18223

Academic

study

Noun

21763

Academic

process

noun

22227

Academic

form

Noun

33790

Academic

state

Noun

37759

Academic

stimulate

Verb

1023

Academic and non-academic (even)

modern

adjective

12823

Academic then magazine

oak-panelled

Adjective

20

Fiction

Psst!

Interjection

20

Fiction

clink

Verb

53

Fiction

tiptoed

Verb

96

Fiction

interrogation

Noun

341

Fiction

crumpled

Adjective

379

Fiction

midday

Noun

500

Fiction

conceal

Verb

649

Fiction

spy

noun

667

Fiction

inviting

Verb

781

Fiction

linen

Noun

900

Fiction

amazed

Verb

948

fiction

shadows

Noun

1437

Fiction

midnight

Noun

1771

Fiction

curious

adjective

2077

Fiction

gentle

adjective

2736

Fiction

ladies

noun

3059

Fiction

suit

Noun

4767

Fiction

managed

Verb

7238

Fiction

patrician

noun

139

Fiction then academic

promised

Verb

4029

Fiction then newspaper

crumpets

Noun

31

Fiction then spoken

crave

Verb

103

Magazine

venturing

Verb

118

Magazine

absorbing

verb

412

Magazine

stylish

Adjective

481

Magazine

lifestyle

noun

1082

Magazine

displays

Noun

1700

Magazine

subtle

Adjective

1752

Magazine

Occasionally

Adverb

3823

Magazine

cast

verb

4103

Magazine

rare

Adjective

4521

Magazine

selection

Noun

5914

Magazine

recent

Adjective

15472

Magazine

Housekeeping

Noun

341

Magazine – the word not the name

selected

Verb

4155

Magazine then academic

scatter

noun

307

Magazine then fiction

elegant

Adjective

1706

Magazine then fiction

smart

Adjective

1711

Magazine then fiction

Continues

Verb

3894

Magazine then newspaper

Fast–forward

Noun

12

Magazine, fiction and newspaper

softly-spoken

adjective

7

Magazine.  30 ‘softly spoken’ 17 of which are fiction

sizing

Verb

50

Magazine. 14  ‘sizing up’ 7 of which are fiction

cloisters1

noun

94

misc

online

adjective

567

Misc

assignments

Noun

595

Misc

recruiting

Verb

598

Misc

undergraduate

Noun

617

Misc

recruitment

noun

1565

Misc

educated

Adjective

1968

Misc

invited

Verb

4179

Misc

target

Noun

6607

Misc

supply

Verb

9413

Misc

college

Noun

10093

Misc

successful

Adjective

10556

Misc

demand

Noun

10775

Misc

received

Verb

12882

Misc

service

noun

29976

Misc

business

noun

34715

Misc

attractive

Adjective

4999

Misc and magazine

staff

Noun

22281

Misc and newspaper

information

Noun

37833

Misc then academic

press

Noun

12529

Misc then magazine 644 for press conference (newspaper)

attend

Verb

3497

Misc then newspaper

spotter

noun

32

Newspaper

Londoner

Proper noun

130

Newspaper

celebrates

verb

293

Newspaper

hurdle

Noun

559

Newspaper

terrorism

Noun

667

Newspaper

businessman;

noun

931

Newspaper

recruit

Noun

938

Newspaper

disappointing

Adjective

980

Newspaper

promising

Adjective

1492

Newspaper

spotted

Verb

1559

Newspaper

encounter

Noun

1648

Newspaper

nursery

Noun

1737

Newspaper

anniversary

noun

1995

Newspaper

talent

Noun

2003

Newspaper

candidate

Noun

3742

Newspaper

Faced

verb

4355

Newspaper

threat

Noun

5490

Newspaper

latest

Noun

6277

Newspaper

proved

Verb

6725

Newspaper

senior

Adjective

8115

Newspaper

officers

Noun

8557

Newspaper

officer

Noun

8871

Newspaper

trust

Noun

9909

Newspaper

international

Adjective

21689

Newspaper

City

noun

22393

Newspaper

British

Noun

34984

Newspaper

interview

Noun

4522

Newspaper (just, then academic and magazine)

affair

noun

3073

Newspaper then fiction

crowd

Noun

4114

Newspaper then fiction

dangerous

Adjective

5576

Newspaper then fiction

drive

Noun

8548

Newspaper then fiction

limelight

Noun

208

Newspaper then magazine

serving

Verb

2716

Newspaper then misc

bluestockings3

noun

2

Newspaper then misc – bluestocking 6 – 4 fiction, 2 misc

vetting

verb

108

newspapers

clandestine

Adjective

175

Non-academic

popularly

Adverb

243

Non-academic

minorities

Noun

889

Non-academic

favoured

Adjective

1937

Non-academic

ethnic

Adjective

2238

Non-academic

attracted

verb

2772

Non-academic

intelligence

Noun

3344

Non-academic

Cambridge

Proper noun

3574

Non-academic

china

noun

5207

Non-academic

net

Noun

6554

Non-academic

official

adjective

9335

Non-academic

conference

Noun

9630

Non-academic

military

Adjective

10924

Non-academic

foreign

Adjective

15399

Non-academic

university

Noun

16197

Non-academic

personal

Adjective

17122

Non-academic

problem-solvers

Noun

6

Non-academic – 44 for ‘problem solver’misc, 8 for problem solvers’ misc.

following

Preposition

26046

Non-academic then misc

forties

Noun (plural)

502

Spoken then fiction

Colleagues

Noun

5359

Spoken then newspaper

spend

Verb

7720

Spoken then newspaper

 

 Tier 2 words in order of word class

 

Tier 2 Word

Type of word – in context

British National Corpus Frequency

Largest context

international

Adjective

21689

Newspaper

personal

Adjective

17122

Non-academic

recent

Adjective

15472

Magazine

foreign

Adjective

15399

Non-academic

modern

adjective

12823

Academic then magazine

potential

adjective

11020

Academic

military

Adjective

10924

Non-academic

successful

Adjective

10556

Misc

official

adjective

9335

Non-academic

senior

Adjective

8115

Newspaper

dangerous

Adjective

5576

Newspaper then fiction

attractive

Adjective

4999

Misc and magazine

typical

Adjective

4737

Academic

rare

Adjective

4521

Magazine

conventional

Adjective

3829

Academic

gentle

adjective

2736

Fiction

ethnic

Adjective

2238

Non-academic

satisfactory

Adjective

2151

Academic

curious

adjective

2077

Fiction

educated

Adjective

1968

Misc

favoured

Adjective

1937

Non-academic

subtle

Adjective

1752

Magazine

smart

Adjective

1711

Magazine then fiction

elegant

Adjective

1706

Magazine then fiction

promising

Adjective

1492

Newspaper

disappointing

Adjective

980

Newspaper

Motivated

Adjective

941

Academic

paramount

adjective

592

Academic

online

adjective

567

Misc

stylish

Adjective

481

Magazine

crumpled

Adjective

379

Fiction

clandestine

Adjective

175

Non-academic

oak-panelled

Adjective

20

Fiction

softly-spoken

adjective

7

Magazine.  30 ‘softly spoken’ 17 of which are fiction

Per cent

Adverb

37272

(had to use collocate as 2 word so don’t have genre – 2889 Spoken for percent one word

increasingly

adverb

6494

Academic

Occasionally

Adverb

3823

Magazine

initially

Adverb

3766

Academic

popularly

Adverb

243

Non-academic

Psst!

Interjection

20

Fiction

information

Noun

37833

Misc then academic

state

Noun

37759

Academic

British

Noun

34984

Newspaper

business

noun

34715

Misc

form

Noun

33790

Academic

service

noun

29976

Misc

City

noun

22393

Newspaper

staff

Noun

22281

Misc and newspaper

process

noun

22227

Academic

study

Noun

21763

Academic

university

Noun

16197

Non-academic

press

Noun

12529

Misc then magazine 644 for press conference (newspaper)

term

Noun

12223

Academic

demand

Noun

10775

Misc

concern

Noun

10120

Academic

college

Noun

10093

Misc

trust

Noun

9909

Newspaper

application

noun

9787

Academic

degree

Noun

9769

Academic

conference

Noun

9630

Non-academic

officer

Noun

8871

Newspaper

officers

Noun

8557

Newspaper

drive

Noun

8548

Newspaper then fiction

culture

Noun

8413

Academic

presence

noun

7770

Academic

text

Noun

6865

Academic

assessment

Noun

6668

Academic

target

Noun

6607

Misc

net

Noun

6554

Non-academic

article

Noun

6501

Academic

latest

Noun

6277

Newspaper

selection

Noun

5914

Magazine

relationships

Noun

5879

Academic

threat

Noun

5490

Newspaper

Colleagues

Noun

5359

Spoken then newspaper

china

noun

5207

Non-academic

suit

Noun

4767

Fiction

interview

Noun

4522

Newspaper (just, then academic and magazine)

crowd

Noun

4114

Newspaper then fiction

candidate

Noun

3742

Newspaper

intelligence

Noun

3344

Non-academic

affair

noun

3073

Newspaper then fiction

ladies

noun

3059

Fiction

talent

Noun

2003

Newspaper

anniversary

noun

1995

Newspaper

midnight

Noun

1771

Fiction

nursery

Noun

1737

Newspaper

displays

Noun

1700

Magazine

remainder

Noun

1669

Academic

encounter

Noun

1648

Newspaper

recruitment

noun

1565

Misc

shadows

Noun

1437

Fiction

insight

Noun

1397

Academic

historian

noun

1323

Academic

applicant

noun

1227

Academic

lifestyle

noun

1082

Magazine

recruit

Noun

938

Newspaper

businessman;

noun

931

Newspaper

linen

Noun

900

Fiction

minorities

Noun

889

Non-academic

spy

noun

667

Fiction

terrorism

Noun

667

Newspaper

undergraduate

Noun

617

Misc

assignments

Noun

595

Misc

hurdle

Noun

559

Newspaper

midday

Noun

500

Fiction

interrogation

Noun

341

Fiction

Housekeeping

Noun

341

Magazine – the word not the name

scatter

noun

307

Magazine then fiction

limelight

Noun

208

Newspaper then magazine

patrician

noun

139

Fiction then academic

cloisters1

noun

94

misc

spotter

noun

32

Newspaper

crumpets

Noun

31

Fiction then spoken

Fast–forward

Noun

12

Magazine, fiction and newspaper

problem-solvers

Noun

6

Non-academic – 44 for ‘problem solver’misc, 8 for problem solvers’ misc.

bluestockings3

noun

2

Newspaper then misc – bluestocking 6 – 4 fiction, 2 misc

forties

Noun (plural)

502

Spoken then fiction

following

Preposition

26046

Non-academic then misc

Cambridge

Proper noun

3574

Non-academic

Londoner

Proper noun

130

Newspaper

Based

verb

18223

Academic

considered

Verb

13160

Academic

received

Verb

12882

Misc

supply

Verb

9413

Misc

spend

Verb

7720

Spoken then newspaper

intended

Verb

7408

Academic

managed

Verb

7238

Fiction

proved

Verb

6725

Newspaper

Faced

verb

4355

Newspaper

invited

Verb

4179

Misc

selected

Verb

4155

Magazine then academic

cast

verb

4103

Magazine

promised

Verb

4029

Fiction then newspaper

Continues

Verb

3894

Magazine then newspaper

informed

Verb

3745

Academic

attend

Verb

3497

Misc then newspaper

attracted

verb

2772

Non-academic

serving

Verb

2716

Newspaper then misc

applying

verb

1944

Academic

spotted

Verb

1559

Newspaper

subjected

Verb

1238

Academic

stimulate

Verb

1023

Academic and non-academic (even)

amazed

Verb

948

fiction

inviting

Verb

781

Fiction

conceal

Verb

649

Fiction

recruiting

Verb

598

Misc

absorbing

verb

412

Magazine

celebrates

verb

293

Newspaper

venturing

Verb

118

Magazine

vetting

verb

108

newspapers

crave

Verb

103

Magazine

tiptoed

Verb

96

Fiction

clink

Verb

53

Fiction

sizing

Verb

50

Magazine. 14  ‘sizing up’ 7 of which are fiction

 

 Combinations of words (images/idioms/names)

 

Phrase

British National Corpus Frequency

Contexts:

right school

10

Even spread

right family

2

Spoken then pop lore

recruitment drive

32

Newpaper

cast its net wider

15

Various

press conference

644

Newspaper

the City [of London]

427

Academic/newspaper

scatter cushions

9

Fiction (3), pop lore (3)

target groups

66

Non-academic

Tate Modern

No matches

 

Cosmopolitan

7

Newspaper

Marie Claire

1 (for the magazine rather than character name)

Fiction

Good Housekeeping

94

Magazine

 

 Tier 3/specialist vocabulary

 

2:2

Cabinet Office

Czech

Head office

HM

in-tray

Lisbon

London

MI6

Middle East

Military attaché

Oxbridge

SIS

 

 

 

 

 Link to original article in The Telegraph.

 

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